apachectl - Apache HTTP Server Control Interface
apachectl is a front end to the Apache HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server. It is designed to help the administrator control the functioning of the Apache
apachectl script can operate in two modes. First, it can act as a simple front-end to the
httpd command that simply sets any necessary environment variables and then invokes
httpd, passing through any command line arguments. Second,
apachectl can act as a SysV init script, taking simple one-word arguments like
stop, and translating them into appropriate signals to
If your Apache installation uses non-standard paths, you will need to edit the
apachectl script to set the appropriate paths to the
httpd binary. You can also specify any necessary
httpd command line arguments. See the comments in the script for details.
apachectl script returns a 0 exit value on success, and >0 if an error occurs. For more details, view the comments in the script.
When acting in pass-through mode,
apachectl can take all the arguments available for the
apachectl [ httpd-argument ]
When acting in SysV init mode,
apachectl takes simple, one-word commands, defined below.
Only the SysV init-style options are defined here. Other arguments are defined on the
httpd manual page.
- Start the Apache
httpddaemon. Gives an error if it is already running. This is equivalent to
apachectl -k start.
- Stops the Apache
httpddaemon. This is equivalent to
apachectl -k stop.
- Restarts the Apache
httpddaemon. If the daemon is not running, it is started. This command automatically checks the configuration files as in
configtestbefore initiating the restart to make sure the daemon doesn't die. This is equivalent to
apachectl -k restart.
- Displays a full status report from
mod_status. For this to work, you need to have
mod_statusenabled on your server and a text-based browser such as
lynxavailable on your system. The URL used to access the status report can be set by editing the
STATUSURLvariable in the script.
- Displays a brief status report. Similar to the
fullstatusoption, except that the list of requests currently being served is omitted.
- Gracefully restarts the Apache
httpddaemon. If the daemon is not running, it is started. This differs from a normal restart in that currently open connections are not aborted. A side effect is that old log files will not be closed immediately. This means that if used in a log rotation script, a substantial delay may be necessary to ensure that the old log files are closed before processing them. This command automatically checks the configuration files as in
configtestbefore initiating the restart to make sure Apache doesn't die. This is equivalent to
apachectl -k graceful.
- Run a configuration file syntax test. It parses the configuration files and either reports
Syntax Okor detailed information about the particular syntax error. This is equivalent to
The following additional option is available, but deprecated.
- This is equivalent to
apachectl -k start -DSSL. We recommend that you use that command explicitly, or you adjust your
httpd.confto remove the
section so that SSL will always be available.